Compilation of the Qur’ān & death of Musailamah
Musailamah was an imposter who called himself a Prophet, even during the time of Muhammad ﷺ. When Muhammad ﷺ died , people of the weak faith, especially among wandering Arabs, began to desert Islam and become renegades. Musailamah then took advantage of this situation and lured a large number of people to fall prey to his seduction.
Abu Bākr (RA) decided to put a stop to this onslaught on Islam. A fierce battle was fought with him, in which the Muslims triumphed with the help of Allāh, and Musailamah was killed.
In this battle, a good number of the Sahābah, including many Huffāz lost their lives, to this Umār(RA) went to Abu Bākr(RA) and said;
"Many Huffāz have been slain in this battle. I’m afraid we are likely to lose a good portion of the Qur’ān if we fight a few more battles and suffer loss of Huffāz this rate. I, therefore, suggest that the Qur’ān may compiled and preserved in the form of one complete book."
Abu Bākr(RA) remarked;
"How can I venture on a thing that was not done in the life of Muhammad ﷺ?"
But Umār(RA) pressed his point so much that Abu Bākr(RA) agreed to it. He then sent for Zaid bin Thabit (RA) and informed him of what has passed between him and Umār(RA) and said;
" You are young and intelligent. Everybody considered you trustworthy. Moreover you were charged by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ with the writing of the Qur’ān during his life time. I, therefore, request you to go to the people and collect the Qur’ān from them and complete it in the form of a book."
" By Allāh, if Abu Bākr(RA) had asked me to shift a mountain from one place to another, it would not have been so hard for me as the compilation of the Qur’ān. I said, "How do you both dare to do a thing which was not done by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ?" They explained until Allāh made the truth dawn on me, and I also was convinced of the importance of the task. I then started going to the people and collecting the Qur’ān from those who had written it and those who had learnt it by heart, until the final collection was ready. "
Zaid(RA) was so particular and cautious that he would accept the fragments only when these were proved to be written during Muhammad’s ﷺ time and after they were duly corroborated by the recitation of those who had preserved the Qur’ān in their hearts.
Zaid(RA) who was constantly assisted by Ubayy bin Ka’ab(RA) -who had great expertise in Qur’ānic knowledge, had to go from door to door and person to person, but Allāh caused, thanks to their labors, every word revealed by Him to be collected and compiled by them, successfully.
Abu Bākr called the first compiled Qur’ān as Mushaf.
Allāh indeed gave the Sahābah the greatest honor of doing the greatest service to Islam, by compiling the Qur’ān.
These were the love and respect of the Sahābah towards Muhammad ﷺ, they would rather shift mountains than doing something peculiar things that wasn’t done during his ﷺ time. Indeed, Muslims of all times are highly indebted to the Sahābah for their magnificent achievement.
This was their struggle, and yet Muslims nowadays neglect or even forget about the Qur’ān, O how much shame have we brought ourselves infront of Allāh?
We treat the Qur’ān lightly, when the Sahābah struggled to keep it and make it survive it’s existence so that it may reach us, this is pure love from the Sahābah.
May Allāh grant these Sahābah the highest ranks of Jannah. Amin.
Stories of the Sahābah